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WOMEN AND CLIMATE CHANGE
BY WAWA NIGERIA
3RD-BI-ANNUAL PAN-AFRICAN WOMEN INVENTORS & INNOVATORS NETWOK (PAWIIN)
Symposium, Expo and Awards Ceremony

By Beatrice Obiageli Ubeku,  JP, MFR., Founder & Executive Director, WOCAN. Focal Person, WAWA Nigeria
2-4 November 2010, ECOWAS Commission, Abuja

1What Is the cause?
Global climate change is caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere.

The global concentration of these gases is increasing, mainly due to human activities, such as the combustion of fossil fuels (which release carbon dioxide) and deforestation (because forests remove carbon from the atmosphere).

The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, has increased by 30 percent since pre-industrial times.

What is Climate Change

Is a change in the statistical distribution of weather over periods of time that range from decades to millions of years.

 It can be a change in the average weather or a change in the distribution of weather events around an average (for example, greater or fewer extreme weather events).

Climate change may be limited to a specific region, or may occur across the whole Earth.

General Effects

According to the Human Development Report, global warming changes affecting weather patterns in the Horn of Africa would mean that crops fail and people go hungry, or that women and young girls must spend more hours collecting water.

The Human Development Report also established that long-term damage generated through climate shocks could have devastating impacts, especially on poor and rural communities. Poor and vulnerable households and communities are the first exposed to climate shocks and increased pressure on coping strategies could steadily erode human capabilities.

Natural Disasters

Climate change will increase the risk of both floods and droughts. Ninety percent of disaster victims worldwide live in developing countries, where poverty and population pressures force growing numbers of people to live in harm's way—on flood plains and on unstable hillsides. Unsafe buildings compound the risks. The vulnerability of those living in risk-prone areas is perhaps the single most important cause of disaster casualties and damage.

Impact of climate change on health

  • Natural Disasters
  • Water Quality and Quantity
  • Food Security
  • Heat Waves
  • Air Pollution
  • Social Dislocation
  • Infectious Diseases

Effect of climate change on women

  • Water scarcity
  • Deforestation leading to energy crises
  • Food scarcity
  • Social and economic; poverty
  • Malnutrition
  • Reproductive health Issues
  • Malaria
  • Cancer
  • Stress
  • Poor access to Health Facility

Conclusion and suggestions

  • That the effect of climatic change on women are diverstating especially in developing countries
  • These are felt in the areas of health, agriculture and economic development of women especially in rural areas
  • Adequate plans should be made to reduce effect of global warming and climatic change
  • Develop women friendly policy on climate change
  • There should be more of women involvement in decision making
  • The government should launch a massive campaign on  climatic change, global warming

 

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